OHSU Study Determines Four Most Sensitive Objective Measures of Balance Dysfunction in Parkinson’s Disease
Using APDM’s Mobility Lab v2 and Opal IMU sensors, the study concludes that “these findings suggest that clinical trials focused on improving balance dysfunction in people with PD should use these four measures: Turning velocity, Foot strike angle, Arm swing ROM and First step length”.
Publication: How to Select Balance Measures Sensitive to Parkinson’s Disease from Body-Worn Inertial Sensors—Separating the Trees from the Forest
Naoya Hasegawa, Vrutangkumar V. Shah, Patricia Carlson-Kuhta, John G. Nutt, Fay B. Horak, Martina Mancini – Department of Neurology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239-3098, USA
Abstract: This study aimed to determine the most sensitive objective measures of balance dysfunction that differ between people with Parkinson’s Disease (PD) and healthy controls. One-hundred and forty-four people with PD and 79 age-matched healthy controls wore eight inertial sensors while performing tasks to measure five domains of balance: standing posture (Sway), anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs), automatic postural responses (APRs), dynamic posture (Gait) and limits of stability (LOS). To reduce the initial 93 measures, we selected uncorrelated measures that were most sensitive to PD. After applying a threshold on the Standardized Mean Difference between PD and healthy controls, 44 measures remained; and after reducing highly correlated measures, 24 measures remained. The four most sensitive measures were from APAs and Gait domains. The random forest with 10-fold cross-validation on the remaining measures (n=24) showed an accuracy to separatePD from healthy controls of 82.4%—identical to the result for all measures. Measures from the most sensitive domains, APAs and Gait, were significantly correlated with the severity of disease and with patient-related outcomes. This method greatly reduced the objective measures of balance to the most sensitive for PD, while still capturing four of the five domains of balance.
Discussion: To our knowledge, this is the first study to determine the most sensitive objective balance measures across five different balance domains to discriminate between people with PD and healthy control subjects.
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